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Oral Motor Weakness

2. Service


Intact oral structures and movement are essential for normal speech clarity and swallowing ability. Reduced mobility, precision and endurance of any of the oral structures and musculature, a condition termed as oral-motor weakness (aka “oromotor weakness), could adversely affect speech and swallowing ability.

ENT Laser – A Decade of Excellence

  • In 2003, we introduced Beckman Oral Motor Assessment and Intervention to provide more options to children and adults with oral motor weakness, in addition to traditional oral motor exercises.
  • In 2008, we introduced Talktools® Oral Placement Therapy (OPT), to systematically train clients with oral motor weakness, in order to improve strength and coordination of the jaw, lip, and tongue.
  • In 2013, we introduced Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI), to assess and train clients with reduced strength and durance of lip and tongue muscles.

 Introduction

  • Hypersensitive to touch on face or inside mouth
  • Excessive drooling
  • Unclear speech
  • Weakness in chewing (e.g. prolonged time or even failure in chewing meat)
  • Food faddism (e.g. rejecting the intake of certain taste or texture of food)

 Assessment

Speech therapist will assess the oral motor ability of an individual in the areas of:
  • Sensory perception of facial and oral areas: sensitivity and reaction to stimulation of the face and oral musculatures, for any signs of hyper- or hypo-sensitivity.
  • The range of motion, strength and endurance, control and coordination of oral musculatures, including: upper and lower jaws, lips, tongue and facial muscles.

 Treatment

Oral-motor therapy aims at facilitating the improvement in oral movements. It is used in conjunction with speech, language and feeding interventions for the remediation of speech and swallowing difficulties.
In an oral-motor therapy program, active and passive exercises, as well as sensory stimulation, would be performed on oral musculatures including the jaw, lips, tongue, soft palate, larynx and respiratory muscles. Examples of oral-motor therapy programs include:
    • Oral motor exercises
    • Beckman Oral Motor Therapy
    • Sara-Rosenfeld Johnson's Oral Placement Therapy (“Talktools Therapy”)
 
MoreClient's Sharing
“ With detailed explanation and patient guidiance, I am confident that I can carry out practices at home with my child.